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Architecture: Egypt

The Mastaba

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The Palette of Narmer
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The Mastaba

Photos and Notes:

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The typical Mastaba was rectangular in plan with a flat roof and inward-sloping walls. They were built of brick and faced with limestone slabs. This low, rectangular structure was favored as a funerary monument from the Early Dynastic Period on.

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Originally, the Mastaba was built above a shaft at the bottom of which was situated a tomb. Typical mastabas also have an offering room above ground and a serdab, a room for the ka sculpture of the deceased.

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The Pyramid of Sneferu at Meidum.

The owner of the mastaba at Sneferu has not been identified, but it is believe to be that of a prince. It can be entered and a large stone sarcophagus awaits those who want to crawl through the narrow robbers hole.

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Detail of the mastaba tomb of Babaef at Giza, excavated by the Museum Expedition.

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The mastaba tomb of Babaef at Ghiza.

Alone out in the desert at Sakkara South is the tomb of Shepseskaf.
It once had a casing of white limestone but only the inner core is left